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Elisabeth of Brandenburg, Duchess of Brunswick-Calenberg-Göttingen

Elisabeth of Brandenburg (24 August 1510 – 25 May 1558) was a Duchess consort of Brunswick-Göttingen-Calenberg by marriage to Eric I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and Regent of the Duchy of Brunswick-Göttingen-Calenberg during the minority of her son, Eric II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, from 1540 until 1545. She is considered a "Reformation Princess", who, together with the Hessian reformer Anton Corvinus, helped the Reformation prevail in today's South Lower Saxony.

Elisabeth of Brandenburg, Duchess of Brunswick-Calenberg-Göttingen
Elisabeth, woodcut around 1542
Duchess consort of Brunswick-Göttingen-Calenberg
Tenure1525 – 30 July 1540
Born24 August 1510
probably Cölln
Died25 May 1558(1558-05-25) (aged 47)
Ilmenau
BuriedSt. John's Church in Schleusingen
Noble familyHouse of Hohenzollern
Spouse(s)Eric I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Poppo XII of Henneberg
IssueElisabeth
Eric II
Anna Maria
Katharina
FatherJoachim I, Elector of Brandenburg
MotherElisabeth of Denmark
Elisabeth, Elector of Brandenburg, secretly takes communion in both kinds. Wood engraving after a painting by Adolph Treidler (1846-1905), published in: Zeitschrift für bildende Kunst 9 (1874).

Life and work edit

Early years (1510–1525) edit

Elisabeth was born, probably in Cölln, the third child and second daughter of the Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg and his wife Elisabeth, daughter of King John I of Denmark.[1] She was educated in a strictly religious and humanist fashion.

At the age of not quite 15, she married on 7 July 1525 in Stettin with the forty years old widower Duke Eric I "the Elder" of Brunswick-Göttingen-Calenberg.

She first came into contact with the Reformation in 1527 at her parental court in Brandenburg when her mother celebrated communion under both kinds and thus openly accepted the teachings of Martin Luther, Her father reacted violently, fearing her mother would convert to "Protestantism", and removed the reformers from Wittenberg, who tried to intervene on behalf of the Electress, from his court. This event may well have impressed the seventeen-year-old princess deeply, and reinforced her sympathy for the new faith.

Marriage to Eric I (1525–1540) edit

 
Elizabeth and Eric c. 1530

Despite the age difference, it was obviously a marriage without insurmountable conflicts, perhaps because Eric mostly stayed on his Erichsburg and Calenberg Castle, while Elisabeth resided at her wittum Münden.

Nevertheless, the marriage was not without blemish. For example, in 1528, Elisabeth accused Anna von Rumschottel, a member of the landed gentry and for many years her husband's mistress, of being responsible for complications during her second pregnancy. She accused Anna of witchcraft and urged her husband to have Anna burned at the stake. Elisabeth also sent her own spies and soldiers into the neighboring Diocese of Minden, in order to arrest Anna in her hideout in Minden. However, Anna escaped. During Inquisition proceedings against Anna's alleged helpers, some of the accused women died after torture at the stake. Elisabeth managed to force Eric into giving her a more profitable wittum than their marriage contract required: instead of the district of Calenberg in the Unterwald region, which contained Calenberg Castle, Neustadt and Hanover and provided little revenue, she received Oberwald, with the towns of Münden, Northeim and Göttingen, which provided more revenue and greater political weight. Her pregnancy ended with the birth of a healthy male baby, who grew up to be Eric's successor Eric II of Brunswick-Göttingen-Calenberg. After his birth, this dark chapter was soon forgotten.

When Elisabeth visited her mother at Lichtenburg Castle in 1534, she met Martin Luther personally for the first time. She began to regularly correspond with him in 1538. She sent him cheese and wine and he sent her mulberries and fig tree seedlings and his German Bible translation with a personal dedication.

On 7 April, Elisabeth publicly accepted communion under both kinds and thereby expressed her conversion to the Lutheran faith. On October 6, she informed Landgrave Philip I of Hesse of her conversion and with his assistance, invited the reformer Anton Corvinus to move from nearby Witzenhausen to Münden. Eric I tolerated the conversion. Although Lutheranism was inconsistent with his Catholic upbringing and his loyalty to the Emperor, he admired the reformer's courage.

Regency and Reformation (1540–1545) edit

 
Elisabeth, woodcut around 1542

Elisabeth had a strong ally in Elector John Frederick I of Saxony. When Eric I died on 30 July 1540, he helped her become co-regent of Brunswick-Calenberg-Göttingen, together with Philip I of Hesse, despite fierce resistance from Duke Henry II of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. She and Philip were regents for five years; she used this opportunity to implement the Reformation in the principality and to reorganize the princely household.

Anton Corvinus was appointed superintendent of the principality, with an office in Pattensen. The lawyer Justus von Waldhausen, who had studied at Wittenberg, was appointed to princely Councillor and later to chancellor, on the recommendation of Martin Luther. The physician Burckard Mithoff, the court judge Justin Gobler and Heinrich Campe MJ completed the team with which the princess wanted to implement her reforms.

In 1542, a Church Order for all of Calenberg-Göttingen was issued. This was followed up by a thorough visitation from 17 November 1542 to 30 April 1543, which Elisabeth personally participated in. A monastic order issued 4 November 1542 regulated the conversion of the monasteries to Protestantism. A Court Procedures Order was enacted in 1544, to regulate legal relations in the country. The princess also wrote many spiritual songs and an "open letter" to her subjects to strengthen their faith.

She had arranged long before that her son Eric II would marry Philip's daughter Anna of Hesse in 1554. Eric, however, fell in love with Sidonie, the sister of Duke (and future Elector) Maurice of Saxony, who was also Lutheran. At the urging of her son, Elisabeth cancelled the agreement with the court of Hesse and Eric married the ten years older Sidonie on 17 May 1545.

Elisabeth also wrote a "government manual" for Eric II, with important advice that should serve him as a guide for when he ruled on his own.

Later life (1545–1558) edit

In 1546, one year after the accession of her son Eric II, Elisabeth married Count Poppo XII of Henneberg (1513–1574), a younger brother of the husband of her eldest daughter. She retained the regency over her wittum Münden.

With great concern she watched her son revert to Catholicism, hoping for opportunities at the imperial court. In 1548, he accepted the Augsburg Interim. He went as far as arresting the reformers Anton Corvinus and Walter Hoiker, who, together with 140 other pastors, had vehemently objected to the Interim at the 1549 synod in Münden. Corvinus and Hoiker were held prisoner at Calenberg Castle from 1549 to 1522.

In 1550, Elisabeth managed to marry her daughter Anna Marie to the 40-year-older Duke Albert of Prussia, with whom she had conducted a friendly correspondence for many years. In the marriage book, she wrote some important advice for Anna Marie on her upcoming married state.

After the Battle of Sievershausen, in 1533, Elisabeth was expelled from Münden by Duke Henry the Younger of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, the nephew of her late husband. She fled to Hannover. In 1555, she moved to Ilmenau in the County of Henneberg, in the modern-day Thuringia, where she took up the pen once more and wrote a book of consolation for widows that they should help them in their grief.

She had to watch with horror when her son Eric II in 1557 married her youngest daughter, the Lutheran Catherine, to the Catholic High Burgrave William of Rosenberg, to provide for her economically. When Elisabeth completed the difficult journey to Münden to attend the wedding, she found that Eric had deliberately given her the wrong date and that the marriage had taken place some time earlier.[2] After the announcement of the marriage contract, Elisabeth was surprised to learn that Catherine would retain her Lutheran faith and would employ her own Lutheran pastor at court.

Elisabeth died a year later, in 1558, in Ilmenau, apparently completely exhausted and with a "broken heart." Her children commissioned an epitaph with her portrait by the sculptor Sigmund Linger from Innsbruck, which was erected in 1566 in the St. Giles Chapel of the St. John's Church in Schleusingen.

Issue edit

From her first marriage, to Eric I of Brunswick-Göttingen-Calenberg, Elisabeth had a son and three daughters:

  • Elisabeth (born: 8 April 1526; died: 19 August 1566), married in 1543 to Count George Ernest of Henneberg (1511–1583)
  • Eric II, Duke of Brunswick-Calenberg (born: 10 August 1528; died: 17 November 1584)
married firstly, in 1545, Sidonie of Saxony (born: 8 March 1518; died: 4 January 1575), daughter of Duke Henry IV of Saxony and Catherine of Mecklenburg
married secondly, in 1576 Dorothea of Lorraine (born: 24 August 1545; died: 2 June 1621), daughter of Francis I of Lorraine and Christina of Denmark
  • Anna Maria (born: 23 April 1532; died: 20 March 1568)
married in 1550 with Duke Albert the Elder of Prussia (1490-1568)
  • Catherine (born: 1534; died: 10 May 1559)
married in 1557 with William of Rosenberg, High Burgrave of Bohemia (1535-1592)

Ancestors edit

Footnotes edit

  1. ^ Genealogy can be found in Nebig, p. 182 ff
  2. ^ Ernst-August Nebig presents the story differently. On page 151, he writes: Elisabeth was severely ill on arrival on Münden and had to return immediately, so she could not attend the wedding. Several weeks later, she admitted to a close relative that she did not want to participate in a Catholic Mass.

Archives edit

  • City Archiv Göttingen: Acta religionis et reformationis
  • Main State Archive Hannover: Sign. Cal. Br. Archiv
  • City Archive Langenhagen: Sammlung Herzogin Elisabeth von Calenberg

Works by Elisabeth of Brandenburg edit

  • Ein Sendbrief an ihre Untertanen, printed: Hannover, 1544
  • Regierungshandbuch für ihren Sohn Erich II, 1545
  • Mütterlicher Unterricht (Ehestandsbuch) für Anna Maria. 1550
  • Trostbuch für Witwen, 1555, printed: 1556 Second edition, Leipzig, 1598
  • Elisabeth von Braunschweig-Lüneburg und Albrecht von Preußen. Ein Fürstenbriefwechsel der Reformationszeit, ed. von Ingeborg Mengel, Göttingen, 1954; second unchanged edition: Göttingen, 2001, ISBN 3-89744-062-8

Collected by other authors edit

Elisabeth also wrote numerous hymns and prayers, some of which are included in:

  • Iwan Franz: Elisabeth von Kalenberg-Göttingen als Liederdichterin, in: Zeitschrift des Verein für niedersächsische Geschichte, 1872, pp. 183–195.
  • Eduard Freiherr von der Goltz: Lieder der Herzogin Elisabeth von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, in: Zeitschrift der Gesellschaft für niedersächsische Kirchengeschichte, issue 19 1914, p. 147–208.
  • Katharina Schridde CCR Sr. and Katharina Talkne,: Mit Lust und Liebe. Das Elisabeth-Brevier, Lutherisches Verlagshaus, 2009, ISBN 978-3-7859-0993-5

References about Elisabeth of Brandenburg edit

  • Albert Brauch: Die Verwaltung des Territoriums Calenberg-Göttingen während der Regentschaft der Herzogin Elisabeth (1540–1546), thesis, Hamburg, 1921, Lax Verlag, Hildesheim, 1930
  • Adolf Brenneke: Herzogin Elisabeth von Braunschweig-Lüneburg. Die hannoversche Reformationsfürstin als Persönlichkeit, in: Zeitschrift der Gesellschaft für niedersächsische Kirchengeschichte, issue 38, 1933, p. 152–168.
  • Sonja Domröse: Frauen der Reformationszeit, Gelehrt, mutig und glaubensfest, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen, 2010, ISBN 978-3-525-55012-0
  • A. Kurs: Elisabeth, Herzogin von Braunschweig-Calenberg, Halle an der Saale, 1891
  • Hans Liederwald: Die Ehe des Grafen Poppo von Henneberg mit Elisabeth, in: Neue Beiträge zur Geschichte dt. Altertums, issue 36, 1931, pp. 37–88
  • Andrea Lilienthal: Die Fürstin und die Macht. Welfische Herzoginnen im 16. Jahrhundert: Elisabeth, Sidonia, Sophia = Quellen und Darstellungen zur Geschichte Niedersachsens, vol. 127, Hahnsche Buchhandlung, Hannover, 2007
  • Inge Mager: Elisabeth von Brandenburg – Sidonie von Sachsen. Zwei Frauenschicksale im Kontext der Reformation von Calenberg-Göttingen, in: 450 Jahre Reformation im Calenberger Land, edited by the Ev.-luth. Kirchenkreis Laatzen-Pattensen, 1992, pp. 23–32
  • Ingeborg Klettke-Mengel: Elisabeth von Braunschweig-Lüneburg als reformatorische Christin, in: Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für niedersächsische Kirchengeschichte, vol. 56, 1958, pp. 1–16.
  • Dies: Elisabeth, Herzogin von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (Calenberg) 1510–1558, in: Neue Deutsche Biographie, vol. 4 1959, pp. 443–444.
  • Ernst-August Nebig: Elisabeth Herzogin von Calenberg. Regentin, Reformatorin, Schriftstellerin, MatrixMedia Verlag, Göttingen, 2006, ISBN 3-932313-18-6
  • Heinrich Wilhelm Rotermund: Von den Verdiensten der Herzogin Elisabeth um die Ausbreitung der evangelischen Lehre in den Fuerstenthuemern Calenberg und Grubenhagen, in: Hannoversches Magazin, vol. 75/76, 1819, pp. 1189–1206.
  • Paul Tschackert: Herzogin Elisabeth, geb. Markgräfin von Brandenburg. Die erste Schriftstellerin aus dem Hause Brandenburg und aus dem braunschweigischem Hause. Ihr Lebensgang und ihre Werke, in: Hohenzollern-Jahrbuch, vol. 3, 1899, pp. 49–65 Online
  • Merry Wiesner: Herzogin Elisabeth von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (1510–1558), in: Kerstin Merkel and Heide Wunder (eds.): Deutsche Frauen der frühen Neuzeit, Darmstadt, 2000, pp. 39–48, ISBN 3-89678-187-1
  • Eleonore Dehnerdt: Die Reformatorin: Elisabeth von Calenberg, SCM Hänssler, 2010, ISBN 978-3-7751-5181-8

External links edit

  • "Elisabeth von Brandenburg". Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German).
  • diglib.hab.de Elisabeth von Braunschweig-Lüneburg: Der Widwen Handbüchlein / Durch eine Hocherleuchte Fürstliche Widwe/ vor vielen Jahren selbst beschrieben und verfasset […], Leipzig, 1598. Well-preserved copy of the printed booklet Witwentrostbüchleins owned by the Herzog August Library Wolfenbüttel. (in German)
  • Presentation of Eisabeth's biography by Sigrid Maier-Knapp-Herbst (PDF; 58 kB) (in German)
  • herzogin-elisabeth.de Information about the Duchess and about activities related to the anniversary years of 2008 and 2010 in her residence Münden
  • The inventory of books by Elizabeth Calenberg: Edition and notes, Herzog August Library, Wolfenbüttel, 2011, edited by Eva Schlotheuber and Gabriele Haug-Moritz

elisabeth, brandenburg, duchess, brunswick, calenberg, göttingen, this, article, includes, list, general, references, lacks, sufficient, corresponding, inline, citations, please, help, improve, this, article, introducing, more, precise, citations, april, 2017,. This article includes a list of general references but it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations April 2017 Learn how and when to remove this template message Elisabeth of Brandenburg 24 August 1510 25 May 1558 was a Duchess consort of Brunswick Gottingen Calenberg by marriage to Eric I Duke of Brunswick Luneburg and Regent of the Duchy of Brunswick Gottingen Calenberg during the minority of her son Eric II Duke of Brunswick Luneburg from 1540 until 1545 She is considered a Reformation Princess who together with the Hessian reformer Anton Corvinus helped the Reformation prevail in today s South Lower Saxony Elisabeth of Brandenburg Duchess of Brunswick Calenberg GottingenElisabeth woodcut around 1542Duchess consort of Brunswick Gottingen CalenbergTenure1525 30 July 1540Born24 August 1510probably CollnDied25 May 1558 1558 05 25 aged 47 IlmenauBuriedSt John s Church in SchleusingenNoble familyHouse of HohenzollernSpouse s Eric I Duke of Brunswick LuneburgPoppo XII of HennebergIssueElisabethEric IIAnna MariaKatharinaFatherJoachim I Elector of BrandenburgMotherElisabeth of DenmarkElisabeth Elector of Brandenburg secretly takes communion in both kinds Wood engraving after a painting by Adolph Treidler 1846 1905 published in Zeitschrift fur bildende Kunst 9 1874 Contents 1 Life and work 1 1 Early years 1510 1525 1 2 Marriage to Eric I 1525 1540 1 3 Regency and Reformation 1540 1545 1 4 Later life 1545 1558 2 Issue 3 Ancestors 4 Footnotes 5 Archives 6 Works by Elisabeth of Brandenburg 6 1 Collected by other authors 7 References about Elisabeth of Brandenburg 8 External linksLife and work editEarly years 1510 1525 edit Elisabeth was born probably in Colln the third child and second daughter of the Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg and his wife Elisabeth daughter of King John I of Denmark 1 She was educated in a strictly religious and humanist fashion At the age of not quite 15 she married on 7 July 1525 in Stettin with the forty years old widower Duke Eric I the Elder of Brunswick Gottingen Calenberg She first came into contact with the Reformation in 1527 at her parental court in Brandenburg when her mother celebrated communion under both kinds and thus openly accepted the teachings of Martin Luther Her father reacted violently fearing her mother would convert to Protestantism and removed the reformers from Wittenberg who tried to intervene on behalf of the Electress from his court This event may well have impressed the seventeen year old princess deeply and reinforced her sympathy for the new faith Marriage to Eric I 1525 1540 edit nbsp Elizabeth and Eric c 1530Despite the age difference it was obviously a marriage without insurmountable conflicts perhaps because Eric mostly stayed on his Erichsburg and Calenberg Castle while Elisabeth resided at her wittum Munden Nevertheless the marriage was not without blemish For example in 1528 Elisabeth accused Anna von Rumschottel a member of the landed gentry and for many years her husband s mistress of being responsible for complications during her second pregnancy She accused Anna of witchcraft and urged her husband to have Anna burned at the stake Elisabeth also sent her own spies and soldiers into the neighboring Diocese of Minden in order to arrest Anna in her hideout in Minden However Anna escaped During Inquisition proceedings against Anna s alleged helpers some of the accused women died after torture at the stake Elisabeth managed to force Eric into giving her a more profitable wittum than their marriage contract required instead of the district of Calenberg in the Unterwald region which contained Calenberg Castle Neustadt and Hanover and provided little revenue she received Oberwald with the towns of Munden Northeim and Gottingen which provided more revenue and greater political weight Her pregnancy ended with the birth of a healthy male baby who grew up to be Eric s successor Eric II of Brunswick Gottingen Calenberg After his birth this dark chapter was soon forgotten When Elisabeth visited her mother at Lichtenburg Castle in 1534 she met Martin Luther personally for the first time She began to regularly correspond with him in 1538 She sent him cheese and wine and he sent her mulberries and fig tree seedlings and his German Bible translation with a personal dedication On 7 April Elisabeth publicly accepted communion under both kinds and thereby expressed her conversion to the Lutheran faith On October 6 she informed Landgrave Philip I of Hesse of her conversion and with his assistance invited the reformer Anton Corvinus to move from nearby Witzenhausen to Munden Eric I tolerated the conversion Although Lutheranism was inconsistent with his Catholic upbringing and his loyalty to the Emperor he admired the reformer s courage Regency and Reformation 1540 1545 edit nbsp Elisabeth woodcut around 1542Elisabeth had a strong ally in Elector John Frederick I of Saxony When Eric I died on 30 July 1540 he helped her become co regent of Brunswick Calenberg Gottingen together with Philip I of Hesse despite fierce resistance from Duke Henry II of Brunswick Wolfenbuttel She and Philip were regents for five years she used this opportunity to implement the Reformation in the principality and to reorganize the princely household Anton Corvinus was appointed superintendent of the principality with an office in Pattensen The lawyer Justus von Waldhausen who had studied at Wittenberg was appointed to princely Councillor and later to chancellor on the recommendation of Martin Luther The physician Burckard Mithoff the court judge Justin Gobler and Heinrich Campe MJ completed the team with which the princess wanted to implement her reforms In 1542 a Church Order for all of Calenberg Gottingen was issued This was followed up by a thorough visitation from 17 November 1542 to 30 April 1543 which Elisabeth personally participated in A monastic order issued 4 November 1542 regulated the conversion of the monasteries to Protestantism A Court Procedures Order was enacted in 1544 to regulate legal relations in the country The princess also wrote many spiritual songs and an open letter to her subjects to strengthen their faith She had arranged long before that her son Eric II would marry Philip s daughter Anna of Hesse in 1554 Eric however fell in love with Sidonie the sister of Duke and future Elector Maurice of Saxony who was also Lutheran At the urging of her son Elisabeth cancelled the agreement with the court of Hesse and Eric married the ten years older Sidonie on 17 May 1545 Elisabeth also wrote a government manual for Eric II with important advice that should serve him as a guide for when he ruled on his own Later life 1545 1558 edit In 1546 one year after the accession of her son Eric II Elisabeth married Count Poppo XII of Henneberg 1513 1574 a younger brother of the husband of her eldest daughter She retained the regency over her wittum Munden With great concern she watched her son revert to Catholicism hoping for opportunities at the imperial court In 1548 he accepted the Augsburg Interim He went as far as arresting the reformers Anton Corvinus and Walter Hoiker who together with 140 other pastors had vehemently objected to the Interim at the 1549 synod in Munden Corvinus and Hoiker were held prisoner at Calenberg Castle from 1549 to 1522 In 1550 Elisabeth managed to marry her daughter Anna Marie to the 40 year older Duke Albert of Prussia with whom she had conducted a friendly correspondence for many years In the marriage book she wrote some important advice for Anna Marie on her upcoming married state After the Battle of Sievershausen in 1533 Elisabeth was expelled from Munden by Duke Henry the Younger of Brunswick Wolfenbuttel the nephew of her late husband She fled to Hannover In 1555 she moved to Ilmenau in the County of Henneberg in the modern day Thuringia where she took up the pen once more and wrote a book of consolation for widows that they should help them in their grief She had to watch with horror when her son Eric II in 1557 married her youngest daughter the Lutheran Catherine to the Catholic High Burgrave William of Rosenberg to provide for her economically When Elisabeth completed the difficult journey to Munden to attend the wedding she found that Eric had deliberately given her the wrong date and that the marriage had taken place some time earlier 2 After the announcement of the marriage contract Elisabeth was surprised to learn that Catherine would retain her Lutheran faith and would employ her own Lutheran pastor at court Elisabeth died a year later in 1558 in Ilmenau apparently completely exhausted and with a broken heart Her children commissioned an epitaph with her portrait by the sculptor Sigmund Linger from Innsbruck which was erected in 1566 in the St Giles Chapel of the St John s Church in Schleusingen Issue editFrom her first marriage to Eric I of Brunswick Gottingen Calenberg Elisabeth had a son and three daughters Elisabeth born 8 April 1526 died 19 August 1566 married in 1543 to Count George Ernest of Henneberg 1511 1583 Eric II Duke of Brunswick Calenberg born 10 August 1528 died 17 November 1584 married firstly in 1545 Sidonie of Saxony born 8 March 1518 died 4 January 1575 daughter of Duke Henry IV of Saxony and Catherine of Mecklenburg married secondly in 1576 Dorothea of Lorraine born 24 August 1545 died 2 June 1621 daughter of Francis I of Lorraine and Christina of DenmarkAnna Maria born 23 April 1532 died 20 March 1568 married in 1550 with Duke Albert the Elder of Prussia 1490 1568 Catherine born 1534 died 10 May 1559 married in 1557 with William of Rosenberg High Burgrave of Bohemia 1535 1592 Ancestors editAncestors of Elisabeth of Brandenburg Duchess of Brunswick Calenberg Gottingen16 Frederick I Elector of Brandenburg8 Albrecht III Elector of Brandenburg17 Elisabeth of Bavaria Landshut4 John Cicero Elector of Brandenburg18 Jacob Margrave of Baden Baden9 Margaret of Baden19 Catherine de Lorraine2 Joachim I Elector of Brandenburg20 Frederick I Elector of Saxony10 William III Landgrave of Thuringia21 Catherine of Brunswick Luneburg5 Margaret of Thuringia22 Albert II of Germany11 Anne Duchess of Luxembourg23 Elizabeth of Luxembourg1 Elisabeth of Brandenburg24 Dietrich Count of Oldenburg12 Christian I of Denmark25 Helvig of Schauenburg6 John of Denmark26 John Margrave of Brandenburg Kulmbach13 Dorothea of Brandenburg27 Barbara of Saxe Wittenberg3 Elisabeth of Denmark28 Frederick II Elector of Saxony14 Ernest Elector of Saxony29 Margaret of Austria7 Christina of Saxony30 Albert III Duke of Bavaria15 Elisabeth of Bavaria31 Anna of Brunswick Grubenhagen EinbeckFootnotes edit Genealogy can be found in Nebig p 182 ff Ernst August Nebig presents the story differently On page 151 he writes Elisabeth was severely ill on arrival on Munden and had to return immediately so she could not attend the wedding Several weeks later she admitted to a close relative that she did not want to participate in a Catholic Mass Archives editCity Archiv Gottingen Acta religionis et reformationis Main State Archive Hannover Sign Cal Br Archiv City Archive Langenhagen Sammlung Herzogin Elisabeth von CalenbergWorks by Elisabeth of Brandenburg editEin Sendbrief an ihre Untertanen printed Hannover 1544 Regierungshandbuch fur ihren Sohn Erich II 1545 Mutterlicher Unterricht Ehestandsbuch fur Anna Maria 1550 Trostbuch fur Witwen 1555 printed 1556 Second edition Leipzig 1598 Elisabeth von Braunschweig Luneburg und Albrecht von Preussen Ein Furstenbriefwechsel der Reformationszeit ed von Ingeborg Mengel Gottingen 1954 second unchanged edition Gottingen 2001 ISBN 3 89744 062 8Collected by other authors edit Elisabeth also wrote numerous hymns and prayers some of which are included in Iwan Franz Elisabeth von Kalenberg Gottingen als Liederdichterin in Zeitschrift des Verein fur niedersachsische Geschichte 1872 pp 183 195 Eduard Freiherr von der Goltz Lieder der Herzogin Elisabeth von Braunschweig Luneburg in Zeitschrift der Gesellschaft fur niedersachsische Kirchengeschichte issue 19 1914 p 147 208 Katharina Schridde CCR Sr and Katharina Talkne Mit Lust und Liebe Das Elisabeth Brevier Lutherisches Verlagshaus 2009 ISBN 978 3 7859 0993 5References about Elisabeth of Brandenburg editAlbert Brauch Die Verwaltung des Territoriums Calenberg Gottingen wahrend der Regentschaft der Herzogin Elisabeth 1540 1546 thesis Hamburg 1921 Lax Verlag Hildesheim 1930 Adolf Brenneke Herzogin Elisabeth von Braunschweig Luneburg Die hannoversche Reformationsfurstin als Personlichkeit in Zeitschrift der Gesellschaft fur niedersachsische Kirchengeschichte issue 38 1933 p 152 168 Sonja Domrose Frauen der Reformationszeit Gelehrt mutig und glaubensfest Vandenhoeck amp Ruprecht Gottingen 2010 ISBN 978 3 525 55012 0 A Kurs Elisabeth Herzogin von Braunschweig Calenberg Halle an der Saale 1891 Hans Liederwald Die Ehe des Grafen Poppo von Henneberg mit Elisabeth in Neue Beitrage zur Geschichte dt Altertums issue 36 1931 pp 37 88 Andrea Lilienthal Die Furstin und die Macht Welfische Herzoginnen im 16 Jahrhundert Elisabeth Sidonia Sophia Quellen und Darstellungen zur Geschichte Niedersachsens vol 127 Hahnsche Buchhandlung Hannover 2007 Inge Mager Elisabeth von Brandenburg Sidonie von Sachsen Zwei Frauenschicksale im Kontext der Reformation von Calenberg Gottingen in 450 Jahre Reformation im Calenberger Land edited by the Ev luth Kirchenkreis Laatzen Pattensen 1992 pp 23 32 Ingeborg Klettke Mengel Elisabeth von Braunschweig Luneburg als reformatorische Christin in Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft fur niedersachsische Kirchengeschichte vol 56 1958 pp 1 16 Dies Elisabeth Herzogin von Braunschweig Luneburg Calenberg 1510 1558 in Neue Deutsche Biographie vol 4 1959 pp 443 444 Ernst August Nebig Elisabeth Herzogin von Calenberg Regentin Reformatorin Schriftstellerin MatrixMedia Verlag Gottingen 2006 ISBN 3 932313 18 6 Heinrich Wilhelm Rotermund Von den Verdiensten der Herzogin Elisabeth um die Ausbreitung der evangelischen Lehre in den Fuerstenthuemern Calenberg und Grubenhagen in Hannoversches Magazin vol 75 76 1819 pp 1189 1206 Paul Tschackert Herzogin Elisabeth geb Markgrafin von Brandenburg Die erste Schriftstellerin aus dem Hause Brandenburg und aus dem braunschweigischem Hause Ihr Lebensgang und ihre Werke in Hohenzollern Jahrbuch vol 3 1899 pp 49 65 Online Merry Wiesner Herzogin Elisabeth von Braunschweig Luneburg 1510 1558 in Kerstin Merkel and Heide Wunder eds Deutsche Frauen der fruhen Neuzeit Darmstadt 2000 pp 39 48 ISBN 3 89678 187 1 Eleonore Dehnerdt Die Reformatorin Elisabeth von Calenberg SCM Hanssler 2010 ISBN 978 3 7751 5181 8External links edit nbsp Wikimedia Commons has media related to Elisabeth of Brandenburg Duchess of Brunswick Luneburg Literature by or about Elizabeth of Brandenburg in the Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbuttel Elisabeth von Brandenburg Biographisch Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon BBKL in German diglib hab de Elisabeth von Braunschweig Luneburg Der Widwen Handbuchlein Durch eine Hocherleuchte Furstliche Widwe vor vielen Jahren selbst beschrieben und verfasset Leipzig 1598 Well preserved copy of the printed booklet Witwentrostbuchleins owned by the Herzog August Library Wolfenbuttel in German Presentation of Eisabeth s biography by Sigrid Maier Knapp Herbst PDF 58 kB in German herzogin elisabeth de Information about the Duchess and about activities related to the anniversary years of 2008 and 2010 in her residence Munden The inventory of books by Elizabeth Calenberg Edition and notes Herzog August Library Wolfenbuttel 2011 edited by Eva Schlotheuber and Gabriele Haug Moritz Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Elisabeth of Brandenburg Duchess of Brunswick Calenberg Gottingen amp oldid 1200191590, wikipedia, wiki, book, books, library,

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