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Tomb of the Palmettes

The Tomb of the Palmettes (Greek: Τάφος των Ανθεμίων, romanizedtafos tо̄n anthemiо̄n), sometimes known as the Rhomiopoulou Tomb, is an ancient Macedonian tomb of the Hellenistic period in Mieza (modern Lefkadia, near Naousa, Imathia), Macedonia, Greece, noted for the quality of its painted decoration. It was built in the first half of the third century BC.[1]

Facade of the tomb
Painting of an old man and woman in the tympanum of the facade.
Detail of the palmettes on the ceiling of the antechamber, which give the tomb its name.
View into the burial chamber from the antechamber

Description

The tomb consists of a monumental facade and two vaulted chambers (an antechamber and a burial chamber), covered over by an earthen tumulus 2.5 m high and 15-17 m in diameter.[1][2]

Facade

The facade is shaped like that of a Greek temple, with four engaged Ionic columns supporting an architrave and a pediment. The metre-high triangular tympanum is painted with a depiction of an old man and woman, who are presumably the tomb's occupants, lying together on a couch at a symposium. Both are depicted in three-quarter view, facing left. The man lies on the left, wearing a white chiton and a red himation with a purple border. He has a grey beard and holds a temple key in his right hand, probably indicating that he held a religious office. His head turns to the right, to look at the old woman, who is presumably his wife. She wears a yellow chiton and a purple himation, and props her head up with her right arm. The background is dark blue. Unusually, there are antefixes on the apex of the pediment and at each corner. These are shaped like palmettes. Six blocks of poros stone sealed the tomb's entrance.[1][2]

Interior

The antechamber is 4.10 m wide and 2 m long. The lower part of the walls is painted black and the upper part is white, with bands of black and white separating the two sections. The unique painted design on the ceiling, consisting of six palmettes and water lilies on a light blue background, is the source of the tomb's modern name. A large marble double door (3.5 m tall and 0.9 m wide) in the rear wall of the chamber led to the burial chamber. It was found in pieces, shattered in antiquity when the tomb was robbed.[1][2]

The burial chamber is 4.05 m wide and 5.1 m long. The walls are painted to resemble marble revetment, with the lower part in black, the upper part in red, and a white band separating the two sections. The ceiling is painted yellow. A stone base on the right side of this chamber toward the rear once supported the larnax, which contained the ashes of the deceased occupant of the tomb, but it was taken when the tomb was robbed in ancient times. Several fragments of ivory sculpture have been recovered, which apparently derive from battle scenes and Dionysiac scenes that once decorated a wooden couch.[1][2]

Excavation

The tomb was discovered in 1971 after illegal excavations. It was then excavated by Katerina Rhomiopoulou from 1971 to 1973. A metal structure was built over the tomb in 1988 to protect it from the elements, but restoration work is still ongoing.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Psarra, I. "Ministry of Culture and Sports: Mieza, the so-called Macedonian Tomb of the Palmettes". odysseus.culture.gr. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d Ginouvès, René (1994). Macedonia: From Philip II ti the Roman Conquest. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. p. 181-182. ISBN 0-691-03635-7.

Bibliography

  • Rhomiopoulou, Katerina; Schmidt-Dounas, Barbara (2010). Das Palmettengrab in Lefkadia. Mainz: Zabern. ISBN 9783805342063.

External links

  •   Media related to Category:Tomb of the Palmettes at Wikimedia Commons
  • Psarra, I. "Ministry of Culture and Sports: Mieza, the so-called Macedonian Tomb of the Palmettes". odysseus.culture.gr. Retrieved 14 April 2019.

Coordinates: 40°39′17″N 22°08′14″E / 40.6547782°N 22.1371431°E / 40.6547782; 22.1371431

tomb, palmettes, greek, Τάφος, των, Ανθεμίων, romanized, tafos, anthemiо, sometimes, known, rhomiopoulou, tomb, ancient, macedonian, tomb, hellenistic, period, mieza, modern, lefkadia, near, naousa, imathia, macedonia, greece, noted, quality, painted, decorati. The Tomb of the Palmettes Greek Tafos twn An8emiwn romanized tafos to n anthemio n sometimes known as the Rhomiopoulou Tomb is an ancient Macedonian tomb of the Hellenistic period in Mieza modern Lefkadia near Naousa Imathia Macedonia Greece noted for the quality of its painted decoration It was built in the first half of the third century BC 1 Facade of the tomb Painting of an old man and woman in the tympanum of the facade Detail of the palmettes on the ceiling of the antechamber which give the tomb its name View into the burial chamber from the antechamber Contents 1 Description 1 1 Facade 1 2 Interior 2 Excavation 3 References 4 Bibliography 5 External linksDescription EditThe tomb consists of a monumental facade and two vaulted chambers an antechamber and a burial chamber covered over by an earthen tumulus 2 5 m high and 15 17 m in diameter 1 2 Facade Edit The facade is shaped like that of a Greek temple with four engaged Ionic columns supporting an architrave and a pediment The metre high triangular tympanum is painted with a depiction of an old man and woman who are presumably the tomb s occupants lying together on a couch at a symposium Both are depicted in three quarter view facing left The man lies on the left wearing a white chiton and a red himation with a purple border He has a grey beard and holds a temple key in his right hand probably indicating that he held a religious office His head turns to the right to look at the old woman who is presumably his wife She wears a yellow chiton and a purple himation and props her head up with her right arm The background is dark blue Unusually there are antefixes on the apex of the pediment and at each corner These are shaped like palmettes Six blocks of poros stone sealed the tomb s entrance 1 2 Interior Edit The antechamber is 4 10 m wide and 2 m long The lower part of the walls is painted black and the upper part is white with bands of black and white separating the two sections The unique painted design on the ceiling consisting of six palmettes and water lilies on a light blue background is the source of the tomb s modern name A large marble double door 3 5 m tall and 0 9 m wide in the rear wall of the chamber led to the burial chamber It was found in pieces shattered in antiquity when the tomb was robbed 1 2 The burial chamber is 4 05 m wide and 5 1 m long The walls are painted to resemble marble revetment with the lower part in black the upper part in red and a white band separating the two sections The ceiling is painted yellow A stone base on the right side of this chamber toward the rear once supported the larnax which contained the ashes of the deceased occupant of the tomb but it was taken when the tomb was robbed in ancient times Several fragments of ivory sculpture have been recovered which apparently derive from battle scenes and Dionysiac scenes that once decorated a wooden couch 1 2 Excavation EditThe tomb was discovered in 1971 after illegal excavations It was then excavated by Katerina Rhomiopoulou from 1971 to 1973 A metal structure was built over the tomb in 1988 to protect it from the elements but restoration work is still ongoing 1 References Edit a b c d e f Psarra I Ministry of Culture and Sports Mieza the so called Macedonian Tomb of the Palmettes odysseus culture gr Retrieved 14 April 2019 a b c d Ginouves Rene 1994 Macedonia From Philip II ti the Roman Conquest Princeton NJ Princeton University Press p 181 182 ISBN 0 691 03635 7 Bibliography EditRhomiopoulou Katerina Schmidt Dounas Barbara 2010 Das Palmettengrab in Lefkadia Mainz Zabern ISBN 9783805342063 External links Edit Media related to Category Tomb of the Palmettes at Wikimedia Commons Psarra I Ministry of Culture and Sports Mieza the so called Macedonian Tomb of the Palmettes odysseus culture gr Retrieved 14 April 2019 Coordinates 40 39 17 N 22 08 14 E 40 6547782 N 22 1371431 E 40 6547782 22 1371431 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Tomb of the Palmettes amp oldid 1046919426, wikipedia, wiki, book, books, library,

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