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Mariya Kuznetsova (singer)

Maria Nikolaevna Kuznetsova (22 July [O.S. 10 July] 1880 – 25 April 1966) (Russian: Мария Николаевна Кузнецова, also spelled Maria Kuznetsova-Benois) was a 20th century Russian opera singer and dancer.

Maria Kuznetsova

Prior to the Revolution, Kuznetsova was one of the most celebrated opera singers in Imperial Russia, having worked with Richard Strauss, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Jules Massenet. She was frequently paired with Feodor Chaliapin. After leaving Russia in 1917, Kuznetsova continued to perform for another thirty years abroad before retiring.[1]

Family

 
Maria Kuznetsova as Fausta

Kuznetsova was born in 1880, in Odessa, the daughter of portraitist Nikolai Kuznetsov.[1][2] Kuznetsova's mother was descended from a distinguished family of scientists and intellectuals of Romanian and Russo-Jewish descent.[3]

Her maternal grandmother, Emilia (Nevakhovich) Metchnikoff, was the daughter of Lev Nevakhovich (1776–1831), a Russo-Jewish author, translator, and founder of the Haskalah movement in Russia.[3][4] Emilia married a Guards officer, Ilya Metchnikoff, and had two sons; the Nobel Prize-winning microbiologist Élie Metchnikoff and the sociologist Lev Metchnikoff.[3]

Kuznetsova's great-uncles Mikhail and Aleksandr Nevakhovich also had successful careers. Mikhail was a cartoonist and founder of Russia's first satirical magazine, Mish-Mash (Eralash).[3] Aleksandr was a playwright and served as repertory director of Imperial Theaters in Saint Petersburg during the reign of Nicholas I.[3]

Early life and career

Kuznetsova initially studied ballet in Saint Petersburg, Russia, but abandoned dancing to study music with the baritone Joachim Tartakov.[5][6] Kuznetsova was a lyrical soprano with a clear and beautiful singing voice.[5] She also possessed notable talent as an actress.[5] Igor Stravinsky described her as "very appetizing to look at as well as to hear".[7]

She initially debuted at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory as Tatiana in Tchaikovsky's Eugene Onegin in 1904.[5] Kuznetsova debuted for a second time in 1905 at the Mariinsky Theatre as Marguérite in Charles Gounod's Faust.[2][6] One night, not long after her Mariinsky debut, a dispute erupted in the theater's lobby between students and army officers while Kuznetsova was singing the role of Elsa in Wagner's Lohengrin. Before panic ensued, an unfazed Kuznetsova interrupted the performance, and she then quickly calmed the crowd by leading everyone in a rousing rendition of the Russian national anthem God Save The Tsar!.[8]

She remained at the Mariinsky as soloist for twelve years until the Revolution in 1917.[5][9] During her lengthy career, Kuznetsova originated several roles including Fevroniya in Rimsky-Korsakov's The Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden Fevroniya,[2] the title role in Massenet's Cléopâtre, Woglinde in the first Russian production of Wagner's Das Rheingold and Fausta in another Massenet creation, Roma. Other signature roles included Oksana in Tchaikovsky's Cherevichki, Thaïs in Massenet's Thaïs, Violetta in Verdi's La traviata, The Snow Maiden in Rimsky-Korsakov's The Snow Maiden, Mimi in Puccini's La bohème, Antonida in Glinka's A Life for the Tsar, Lyudmila in Ruslan and Ludmila and Tamara in Anton Rubinstein's The Demon.[5][10][11]

Kuznetsova, eventually, developed a sizable following abroad; making her Paris Opera debut in 1908 and her London debut at Covent Garden in 1909.[6] During this period, she appeared in Emmanuel Chabrier's Gwendoline (1910) and Jules Massenet's Roma (1912).[6] In 1916, Kuznetsova made her American debut, performing in New York and Chicago.[6] In New York she caused a sensation, performing with the Manhattan Opera Company in the first American production of Cleopatre.[6]

The Ballets Russes

On the eve of the First World War, Kuznetsova participated in, and helped to finance, the famed Les Saisons Russes of Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes in London and Paris.[6][12][13]

 
Maria Kuznetsova in Russian peasant costume

With the help of her friend, the artist and designer Léon Bakst, Kuznetsova won the role of Potiphar's wife in Richard Strauss's ballet La Légende de Joseph (or Josephslegende) in 1914.[6] The production included a veritable who's who of the Edwardian art world. It was produced by Diaghilev, composed and conducted by Strauss, choreographed by Michel Fokine, designed by Bakst and José Maria Sert, while the lead was danced by Léonide Massine.[2][14][15]

It was an important role, and she was certainly in good company, but they were held to a punishing schedule with little time to rehearse. To make matters worse, Strauss was in a foul mood because his lover, Ida Rubinstein, who was to have danced Lydia Sokolova's role, had abruptly abandoned the project.[15] Furthermore, Strauss abhorred working with French musicians, and was constantly at daggers drawn with the orchestra.[15] Diaghilev, meanwhile, had not yet recovered from Vaslav Nijinsky's departure the previous year from the Ballets Russes.[15]

Despite the problems backstage and an outraged British press, who found the work obscene, the ballet successfully debuted in both London and Paris that spring[15] as reported in the New York Times:

PARIS, May 14 – At the Opera tonight the Russian ballet season opened with the premiere of Richard Strauss's "The Legend of St. Joseph."...
The part of Joseph was excellently performed by a young member of the Moscow "Artists Theatre", Leonide Miassine, who joined M. Diaghilew's ballet company for this purpose. Mme Kousnetzoff abandoned singing for the time being to impersonate Potiphar's wife ...
A crowded house was evidently highly pleased.[16]

The most memorable thing about the production was said to be Sert's luxurious Venetian themed sets and Bakst's costumes.[15] Sokolova recalled Kuznetsova's costume as being particularly inspired:

She moved about on high gilded clogs, attended by servants, two of whom had a couple of honey-coloured wolfhounds on white leads ...[15]

In addition to trying her hand at ballet, Kuznetsova performed in several operas that season. In one memorable performance she joined the celebrated Russian bass Feodor Chaliapin in a production of Borodin's Prince Igor, choreographed by Fokine, and staged at Drury Lane on June 8, 1914.[17]

Life in exile

After the Revolution in 1917, Kuznetsova fled Russia,[9] making a suitably dramatic escape dressed as a cabin boy and hidden inside a steamer trunk aboard a ship headed for Sweden.[6] Her first performance in exile was with the Stockholm Opera in 1919.

 
Maria Kuznetsova in Spanish costume

Later that year, she was engaged at the Gaiété-Lyrique in Paris, singing alongside Lucien Fugère, Maria Barrientos, Lydia Lipkowska, Georgette Leblanc, André Gilly, and Vanni Marcoux.[18]

In 1920, Kuznetsova participated in a large a charity concert at the Paris Opéra along with Vera Karalli and others, to raise funds to aid impoverished fellow Russian émigrés.[19]

Kuznetsova's other performances during the 1920s were of a more practical and less philanthropic nature. She organized private concerts and recitals where she would sing Russian and Spanish folk music, Gypsy music, and opera.[20] At these recitals she would often perform Spanish folk dances and Flamenco after singing.[14][21] In addition to these private performances, Kuznetsova worked as a soloist at Covent Garden, the Copenhagen Opera House, and other theaters and opera houses throughout Europe. She founded the Theatre of Miniatures with Léon Bakst in 1922, where, for a very brief time, she performed.

In 1927, with the help of the Ukrainian baritone Mikhail Karakash and his wife Elizaveta Popova, and of the Count Alexis Ceretelli, Kuznetsova founded the Opéra Russe à Paris.[5][12][22] The Opéra Russe staged a number of ballets and operas in London, Paris, Barcelona, Madrid, Milan, and as far afield as Buenos Aires, and Japan, between 1927 and 1933.[5][6] She also concerted in Shanghai in May 1935.

Kuznetsova gave fewer performances after 1933, but as late as 1947 her name appeared on the program of a choreographic competition held in Copenhagen, hosted by Rolf de Maré.[23] Her contribution to the event was described quite simply: "Songs and dances of Spain, by Maria Kousnetzoff and a flamenco group."[23]

Personal life and death

Kuznetsova's first husband was Nikolai Albertovich Benois, the son of watercolorist Albert Nikolayevich Benois (1852–1936).[2]

After the death of Benois, Kuznetsova wed Jules Massenet's nephew, the banker and industrialist Alfred Massenet.[2] Alfred had worked for a time in the Russian Empire, prior to the Revolution, as the president of the Société d'Industrie Minière de Chagali-Heliar, a French copper mining company headquartered in Tbilisi, Georgia.[24]

Kuznetsova's last years were spent in poverty; she lived in one room in a small hotel off the Champs Elysees, abandoned by her son Mikhael and her former colleagues and friends. Kuznetsova's sole companion was her dresser Olga and she supported herself by giving lessons in singing and acting. Olga used to recount how Chaliapin died in Kuznetsova's arms, against the wishes of his wife.

Kuznetsova died in Paris on April 25, 1966.[6][21]

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Grove, George and Blom, Eric. Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 879. St. Martin's Press, 1955.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Salmina-Haskell, Larissa. Russian Paintings and Drawings in the Ashmolean Museum, Pages 23–24. Published by Ashmolean Museum, 1989
  3. ^ a b c d e Shrayer, Maxim. An Anthology of Jewish-Russian Literature, Vol I M.E. Sharpe, Inc.: Armonk, NY, 2007
  4. ^ Lederhendler, Eli. The Road to Modern Jewish Politics Oxford University Press: New York, 1989
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Warrack, John and West, Ewan. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Opera, Page 276. Oxford University Press, 1996.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Macy, Laura Williams. The Grove Book of Opera Singers p. 261.Oxford University Press: New York, 2008
  7. ^ Ardoin, John. Valery Gergiev and the Kirov, Page 109. Hal Leonard Corporation, 2001
  8. ^ Buckler, Julie A. The Literary Lorgnette, page 52. San Francisco: Stanford University Press, 2000
  9. ^ a b Kuznetsova Anna Sergeyvena. Maria Nikolayevna Kuznetsova. Moskva: Muzyka, 1962.
  10. ^ Мария Николаевна Кузнецова (1880–1966)
  11. ^ MARIA KUZNETSOVA-BENOIS-Radioauditiion from M.Malkov's cycle" Masters of the Russian Opera Stage" 2014-10-10 at the Wayback Machine(ru)
  12. ^ a b "Мария Николаевна Кузнецова." Accessed May 28, 2008.
  13. ^ Ludmila Korabelnikova, Anna Winestein, Suellen Hershman. Alexander Tcherepnin: The Saga of a Russian Emigré Composer, Page 57-58. Indiana University Press, 2008
  14. ^ a b Garofalo, Lynn. Legacies of Twentieth-century Dance, page 154. Wesleyan University Press, 2005
  15. ^ a b c d e f g Kennedy, Michael. Strauss: Man, Music, Enigma, page 186. Cambridge University Press, 2006
  16. ^ Paris Applauds New Strauss Work, New York Times, May 15, 1914
  17. ^ Garofalo, Lynn. Diaghilev's Ballet Russe, page 396. Da Capo Press, 1998
  18. ^ Paris Music Revives, New York Times, November 30, 1919
  19. ^ Vassiliev, Aleksandre, Beauty in Exile: The Artists, Models, and Nobility Who Fled the Russian Revolution and Influenced the World of Fashion, tr. Antonina W. Bouis, New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000, p.189.
  20. ^ Ludmila Korabelnikova, Anna Winestein, Suellen Hershman. Alexander Tcherepnin: The Saga of a Russian Emigré Composer, Page 59. Indiana University Press, 2008
  21. ^ a b Grove, George and Sadie, Stanley. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Page 327. Macmillan Publishers, 1980
  22. ^ Mosusova, Nadezhda. The Importance of the Archives of the Belgrade Musicological Institute in Historical Research into Slavonic Musical Theatre. (2004) 2008-07-04 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ a b Robinson, Jacqueline. Modern Dance in France: An Adventure, 1920–1970, page 125. Taylor & Francis, 1997
  24. ^ Stevens, Horace J. The Copper Handbook: A Manual of the Copper Industry of the World, Vol X. Published by the Author:Houghton, Michigan, 1911

Further reading

  • Kuznetsova, Anna Sergeyvena. Maria Nikolayevna Kuznetsova. (Moskva: Muzyka, 1962.)

External links

  • Maria Kuznetsova, Russian Soprano 1880–1966
  • A brief biography of Maria's father Nikolai Kuznetsov including a portrait of his wife
  •   Media related to Maria Nikolaevna Kuznetsova at Wikimedia Commons

mariya, kuznetsova, singer, maria, nikolaevna, kuznetsova, july, july, 1880, april, 1966, russian, Мария, Николаевна, Кузнецова, also, spelled, maria, kuznetsova, benois, 20th, century, russian, opera, singer, dancer, maria, kuznetsova, prior, revolution, kuzn. Maria Nikolaevna Kuznetsova 22 July O S 10 July 1880 25 April 1966 Russian Mariya Nikolaevna Kuznecova also spelled Maria Kuznetsova Benois was a 20th century Russian opera singer and dancer Maria Kuznetsova Prior to the Revolution Kuznetsova was one of the most celebrated opera singers in Imperial Russia having worked with Richard Strauss Nikolai Rimsky Korsakov and Jules Massenet She was frequently paired with Feodor Chaliapin After leaving Russia in 1917 Kuznetsova continued to perform for another thirty years abroad before retiring 1 Contents 1 Family 2 Early life and career 3 The Ballets Russes 4 Life in exile 5 Personal life and death 6 Footnotes 7 Further reading 8 External linksFamily Edit Maria Kuznetsova as FaustaKuznetsova was born in 1880 in Odessa the daughter of portraitist Nikolai Kuznetsov 1 2 Kuznetsova s mother was descended from a distinguished family of scientists and intellectuals of Romanian and Russo Jewish descent 3 Her maternal grandmother Emilia Nevakhovich Metchnikoff was the daughter of Lev Nevakhovich 1776 1831 a Russo Jewish author translator and founder of the Haskalah movement in Russia 3 4 Emilia married a Guards officer Ilya Metchnikoff and had two sons the Nobel Prize winning microbiologist Elie Metchnikoff and the sociologist Lev Metchnikoff 3 Kuznetsova s great uncles Mikhail and Aleksandr Nevakhovich also had successful careers Mikhail was a cartoonist and founder of Russia s first satirical magazine Mish Mash Eralash 3 Aleksandr was a playwright and served as repertory director of Imperial Theaters in Saint Petersburg during the reign of Nicholas I 3 Early life and career EditKuznetsova initially studied ballet in Saint Petersburg Russia but abandoned dancing to study music with the baritone Joachim Tartakov 5 6 Kuznetsova was a lyrical soprano with a clear and beautiful singing voice 5 She also possessed notable talent as an actress 5 Igor Stravinsky described her as very appetizing to look at as well as to hear 7 She initially debuted at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory as Tatiana in Tchaikovsky s Eugene Onegin in 1904 5 Kuznetsova debuted for a second time in 1905 at the Mariinsky Theatre as Marguerite in Charles Gounod s Faust 2 6 One night not long after her Mariinsky debut a dispute erupted in the theater s lobby between students and army officers while Kuznetsova was singing the role of Elsa in Wagner s Lohengrin Before panic ensued an unfazed Kuznetsova interrupted the performance and she then quickly calmed the crowd by leading everyone in a rousing rendition of the Russian national anthem God Save The Tsar 8 She remained at the Mariinsky as soloist for twelve years until the Revolution in 1917 5 9 During her lengthy career Kuznetsova originated several roles including Fevroniya in Rimsky Korsakov s The Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden Fevroniya 2 the title role in Massenet s Cleopatre Woglinde in the first Russian production of Wagner s Das Rheingold and Fausta in another Massenet creation Roma Other signature roles included Oksana in Tchaikovsky s Cherevichki Thais in Massenet s Thais Violetta in Verdi s La traviata The Snow Maiden in Rimsky Korsakov s The Snow Maiden Mimi in Puccini s La boheme Antonida in Glinka s A Life for the Tsar Lyudmila in Ruslan and Ludmila and Tamara in Anton Rubinstein s The Demon 5 10 11 Kuznetsova eventually developed a sizable following abroad making her Paris Opera debut in 1908 and her London debut at Covent Garden in 1909 6 During this period she appeared in Emmanuel Chabrier s Gwendoline 1910 and Jules Massenet s Roma 1912 6 In 1916 Kuznetsova made her American debut performing in New York and Chicago 6 In New York she caused a sensation performing with the Manhattan Opera Company in the first American production of Cleopatre 6 The Ballets Russes EditOn the eve of the First World War Kuznetsova participated in and helped to finance the famed Les Saisons Russes of Sergei Diaghilev s Ballets Russes in London and Paris 6 12 13 Maria Kuznetsova in Russian peasant costumeWith the help of her friend the artist and designer Leon Bakst Kuznetsova won the role of Potiphar s wife in Richard Strauss s ballet La Legende de Joseph or Josephslegende in 1914 6 The production included a veritable who s who of the Edwardian art world It was produced by Diaghilev composed and conducted by Strauss choreographed by Michel Fokine designed by Bakst and Jose Maria Sert while the lead was danced by Leonide Massine 2 14 15 It was an important role and she was certainly in good company but they were held to a punishing schedule with little time to rehearse To make matters worse Strauss was in a foul mood because his lover Ida Rubinstein who was to have danced Lydia Sokolova s role had abruptly abandoned the project 15 Furthermore Strauss abhorred working with French musicians and was constantly at daggers drawn with the orchestra 15 Diaghilev meanwhile had not yet recovered from Vaslav Nijinsky s departure the previous year from the Ballets Russes 15 Despite the problems backstage and an outraged British press who found the work obscene the ballet successfully debuted in both London and Paris that spring 15 as reported in the New York Times PARIS May 14 At the Opera tonight the Russian ballet season opened with the premiere of Richard Strauss s The Legend of St Joseph The part of Joseph was excellently performed by a young member of the Moscow Artists Theatre Leonide Miassine who joined M Diaghilew s ballet company for this purpose Mme Kousnetzoff abandoned singing for the time being to impersonate Potiphar s wife A crowded house was evidently highly pleased 16 The most memorable thing about the production was said to be Sert s luxurious Venetian themed sets and Bakst s costumes 15 Sokolova recalled Kuznetsova s costume as being particularly inspired She moved about on high gilded clogs attended by servants two of whom had a couple of honey coloured wolfhounds on white leads 15 In addition to trying her hand at ballet Kuznetsova performed in several operas that season In one memorable performance she joined the celebrated Russian bass Feodor Chaliapin in a production of Borodin s Prince Igor choreographed by Fokine and staged at Drury Lane on June 8 1914 17 Life in exile EditAfter the Revolution in 1917 Kuznetsova fled Russia 9 making a suitably dramatic escape dressed as a cabin boy and hidden inside a steamer trunk aboard a ship headed for Sweden 6 Her first performance in exile was with the Stockholm Opera in 1919 Maria Kuznetsova in Spanish costumeLater that year she was engaged at the Gaiete Lyrique in Paris singing alongside Lucien Fugere Maria Barrientos Lydia Lipkowska Georgette Leblanc Andre Gilly and Vanni Marcoux 18 In 1920 Kuznetsova participated in a large a charity concert at the Paris Opera along with Vera Karalli and others to raise funds to aid impoverished fellow Russian emigres 19 Kuznetsova s other performances during the 1920s were of a more practical and less philanthropic nature She organized private concerts and recitals where she would sing Russian and Spanish folk music Gypsy music and opera 20 At these recitals she would often perform Spanish folk dances and Flamenco after singing 14 21 In addition to these private performances Kuznetsova worked as a soloist at Covent Garden the Copenhagen Opera House and other theaters and opera houses throughout Europe She founded the Theatre of Miniatures with Leon Bakst in 1922 where for a very brief time she performed In 1927 with the help of the Ukrainian baritone Mikhail Karakash and his wife Elizaveta Popova and of the Count Alexis Ceretelli Kuznetsova founded the Opera Russe a Paris 5 12 22 The Opera Russe staged a number of ballets and operas in London Paris Barcelona Madrid Milan and as far afield as Buenos Aires and Japan between 1927 and 1933 5 6 She also concerted in Shanghai in May 1935 Kuznetsova gave fewer performances after 1933 but as late as 1947 her name appeared on the program of a choreographic competition held in Copenhagen hosted by Rolf de Mare 23 Her contribution to the event was described quite simply Songs and dances of Spain by Maria Kousnetzoff and a flamenco group 23 Personal life and death EditKuznetsova s first husband was Nikolai Albertovich Benois the son of watercolorist Albert Nikolayevich Benois 1852 1936 2 After the death of Benois Kuznetsova wed Jules Massenet s nephew the banker and industrialist Alfred Massenet 2 Alfred had worked for a time in the Russian Empire prior to the Revolution as the president of the Societe d Industrie Miniere de Chagali Heliar a French copper mining company headquartered in Tbilisi Georgia 24 Kuznetsova s last years were spent in poverty she lived in one room in a small hotel off the Champs Elysees abandoned by her son Mikhael and her former colleagues and friends Kuznetsova s sole companion was her dresser Olga and she supported herself by giving lessons in singing and acting Olga used to recount how Chaliapin died in Kuznetsova s arms against the wishes of his wife Kuznetsova died in Paris on April 25 1966 6 21 Footnotes Edit a b Grove George and Blom Eric Grove s Dictionary of Music and Musicians 879 St Martin s Press 1955 a b c d e f Salmina Haskell Larissa Russian Paintings and Drawings in the Ashmolean Museum Pages 23 24 Published by Ashmolean Museum 1989 a b c d e Shrayer Maxim An Anthology of Jewish Russian Literature Vol I M E Sharpe Inc Armonk NY 2007 Lederhendler Eli The Road to Modern Jewish Politics Oxford University Press New York 1989 a b c d e f g h Warrack John and West Ewan The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Opera Page 276 Oxford University Press 1996 a b c d e f g h i j k Macy Laura Williams The Grove Book of Opera Singers p 261 Oxford University Press New York 2008 Ardoin John Valery Gergiev and the Kirov Page 109 Hal Leonard Corporation 2001 Buckler Julie A The Literary Lorgnette page 52 San Francisco Stanford University Press 2000 a b Kuznetsova Anna Sergeyvena Maria Nikolayevna Kuznetsova Moskva Muzyka 1962 Mariya Nikolaevna Kuznecova 1880 1966 MARIA KUZNETSOVA BENOIS Radioauditiion from M Malkov s cycle Masters of the Russian Opera Stage Archived 2014 10 10 at the Wayback Machine ru a b Mariya Nikolaevna Kuznecova Accessed May 28 2008 Ludmila Korabelnikova Anna Winestein Suellen Hershman Alexander Tcherepnin The Saga of a Russian Emigre Composer Page 57 58 Indiana University Press 2008 a b Garofalo Lynn Legacies of Twentieth century Dance page 154 Wesleyan University Press 2005 a b c d e f g Kennedy Michael Strauss Man Music Enigma page 186 Cambridge University Press 2006 Paris Applauds New Strauss Work New York Times May 15 1914 Garofalo Lynn Diaghilev s Ballet Russe page 396 Da Capo Press 1998 Paris Music Revives New York Times November 30 1919 Vassiliev Aleksandre Beauty in Exile The Artists Models and Nobility Who Fled the Russian Revolution and Influenced the World of Fashion tr Antonina W Bouis New York Harry N Abrams 2000 p 189 Ludmila Korabelnikova Anna Winestein Suellen Hershman Alexander Tcherepnin The Saga of a Russian Emigre Composer Page 59 Indiana University Press 2008 a b Grove George and Sadie Stanley The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians Page 327 Macmillan Publishers 1980 Mosusova Nadezhda The Importance of the Archives of the Belgrade Musicological Institute in Historical Research into Slavonic Musical Theatre 2004 Archived 2008 07 04 at the Wayback Machine a b Robinson Jacqueline Modern Dance in France An Adventure 1920 1970 page 125 Taylor amp Francis 1997 Stevens Horace J The Copper Handbook A Manual of the Copper Industry of the World Vol X Published by the Author Houghton Michigan 1911Further reading EditKuznetsova Anna Sergeyvena Maria Nikolayevna Kuznetsova Moskva Muzyka 1962 External links EditMaria Kuznetsova Russian Soprano 1880 1966 A brief biography of Maria s father Nikolai Kuznetsov including a portrait of his wife Media related to Maria Nikolaevna Kuznetsova at Wikimedia Commons Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Mariya Kuznetsova singer amp oldid 1130169320, wikipedia, wiki, book, books, library,

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