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Manuel Fernández Juncos

Manuel Fernández Juncos (December 11, 1846 – August 18, 1928) was a Spanish-born, Puerto Rican journalist, poet, author and humanitarian who wrote the official lyrics to La Borinqueña, Puerto Rico's official anthem.

Manuel Fernández Juncos
Fernández Juncos wrote the lyrics to La Borinqueña, Puerto Rico's national anthem.
Background information
BornDecember 11, 1846
Tresmonte, Ribadesella, Asturias, Spain
DiedAugust 18, 1928
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Occupation(s)Journalist, poet, author, humanitarian

Early years

Fernández Juncos was born in Tresmonte, a section of Ribadesella, Asturias, Spain. Orphaned at an early age, he arrived in Puerto Rico in 1858 aboard a Spanish vessel. Fernández-Juncos became a Puerto Rican by adopting the island as his country and where he was to spend the rest of his life.[1][2]

Fernández Juncos met Dr. José Gualberto Padilla, a poet known as "El Caribe" who inspired him towards a literary vocation.[3] He first wrote for El Progreso (Progress), a newspaper founded by José Julián Acosta. He also wrote for the Porvenir and El Clamor del País newspapers. Fernández Juncos founded many newspapers with liberal tendencies. Among them, one was called El Buscapie. It promoted a socialist agenda, including the idea that every child should be entitled to a free education. It quickly became the most widely read Puerto Rican paper of its time.[3] He also founded the Revista Puertorriqueña (The Puerto Rican Magazine).[1][2]

As a writer, Fernández Juncos studied and wrote about the roots of the Puerto Ricans as a people. Among his most notable works were: Tipos y Caracteres, Libro Cuarto de Lectura, and Canciones Escolares (which he co-wrote with Virgilio Dávila and Braulio Dueño Colon).[1][2] "El Buscapie" was the only newspaper in the island to criticize the local government.[3] In 1893, he founded the Masonic Lodge Patria No. 61 in San Juan, Puerto Rico. He was also the Lodge's first Worshipful Master.[3]

Political activist

Fernández Juncos joined the Autonomist Party founded by Román Baldorioty de Castro and became its secretary. Shortly after, when Puerto Rico was granted its autonomy from Spain, Fernández Juncos was elected and became the first Secretary of State. However, in less than a year Puerto Rico was invaded by the United States during the Spanish–American War and its government abolished. He founded the Puerto Rican Red Cross, which continues today to give humanitarian help to those in need.[1][2]

The Americanization process of Puerto Rico by the invaders included the establishment of English to be used in the local schools and the government. As such it was required that books written in English be used. Fernández Juncos, believed that it would not be beneficial to the common person in Puerto Rico who spoke only Spanish. He thereby took upon himself the task of adopting, translating, and writing the books to be used in the schools.[3] Fernández-Juncos later founded the "Casa Manuel Fernández Juncos" for orphaned children in San Juan.[3]

"La Borinqueña"

Fernández Juncos wrote the current lyrics to "La Borinqueña", which originally was a danza written by Francisco Ramírez in 1860 (sometimes credited to Félix Astol Artés in 1867). The original lyrics to the anthem, written by Lola Rodríguez de Tió in 1868, were deemed by the public as too subversive for public use. A public contest to provide new lyrics to the tune was held in 1903, with Fernández Juncos as its winner (this explains why the Asturias native is credited for writing the lines "The land of Borinquen / where I was born"). "La Borinqueña" became the official anthem of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico in 1952.[1][2]

Official Anthem of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico — "La Boriqueña"
External audio
  You may listen to Graciela Rivera's interpretation of Fernández Juncos' version of the "La Borinqueña" here on YouTube.

Legacy

Manuel Fernández Juncos died on August 18, 1928 in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Was buried at the Santa María Magdalena de Pazzis Cemetery In San Juan, Puerto Rico. The government of Puerto Rico has honored his memory by naming three schools in the cities of Mayagüez,[4] Juana Diaz,[5] and Cabo Rojo[6] and a commercial avenue in San Juan after him.[3]

A United States Postal Service Post Office in Santurce, Puerto Rico was named the Fernandez Juncos Post Office.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e El Nuevo Dia September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d e Manuel Fernandez Juncos School October 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Manuel Fernandez Juncos - Masonic Hero of Puerto Rico"; by: Eduardo Camareno, Jr., 32°
  4. ^ "Información: Escuela Manuel Fernandez Juncos". Directorio de Escuelas Publicas de Puerto Rico. 2009.
  5. ^ "Información: Escuela Manuel Fernandez Juncos". Directorio de Escuelas Publicas de Puerto Rico. 2009.
  6. ^ "Información: Escuela Manuel Fernandez Juncos". Directorio de Escuelas Publicas de Puerto Rico. 2009.

External links

  • Works by Manuel Fernández Juncos at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)  

manuel, fernández, juncos, this, spanish, name, first, paternal, surname, fernández, second, maternal, family, name, juncos, december, 1846, august, 1928, spanish, born, puerto, rican, journalist, poet, author, humanitarian, wrote, official, lyrics, borinqueña. In this Spanish name the first or paternal surname is Fernandez and the second or maternal family name is Juncos Manuel Fernandez Juncos December 11 1846 August 18 1928 was a Spanish born Puerto Rican journalist poet author and humanitarian who wrote the official lyrics to La Borinquena Puerto Rico s official anthem Manuel Fernandez JuncosFernandez Juncos wrote the lyrics to La Borinquena Puerto Rico s national anthem Background informationBornDecember 11 1846Tresmonte Ribadesella Asturias SpainDiedAugust 18 1928San Juan Puerto RicoOccupation s Journalist poet author humanitarian Contents 1 Early years 2 Political activist 3 La Borinquena 4 Legacy 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksEarly years EditFernandez Juncos was born in Tresmonte a section of Ribadesella Asturias Spain Orphaned at an early age he arrived in Puerto Rico in 1858 aboard a Spanish vessel Fernandez Juncos became a Puerto Rican by adopting the island as his country and where he was to spend the rest of his life 1 2 Fernandez Juncos met Dr Jose Gualberto Padilla a poet known as El Caribe who inspired him towards a literary vocation 3 He first wrote for El Progreso Progress a newspaper founded by Jose Julian Acosta He also wrote for the Porvenir and El Clamor del Pais newspapers Fernandez Juncos founded many newspapers with liberal tendencies Among them one was called El Buscapie It promoted a socialist agenda including the idea that every child should be entitled to a free education It quickly became the most widely read Puerto Rican paper of its time 3 He also founded the Revista Puertorriquena The Puerto Rican Magazine 1 2 As a writer Fernandez Juncos studied and wrote about the roots of the Puerto Ricans as a people Among his most notable works were Tipos y Caracteres Libro Cuarto de Lectura and Canciones Escolares which he co wrote with Virgilio Davila and Braulio Dueno Colon 1 2 El Buscapie was the only newspaper in the island to criticize the local government 3 In 1893 he founded the Masonic Lodge Patria No 61 in San Juan Puerto Rico He was also the Lodge s first Worshipful Master 3 Political activist EditFernandez Juncos joined the Autonomist Party founded by Roman Baldorioty de Castro and became its secretary Shortly after when Puerto Rico was granted its autonomy from Spain Fernandez Juncos was elected and became the first Secretary of State However in less than a year Puerto Rico was invaded by the United States during the Spanish American War and its government abolished He founded the Puerto Rican Red Cross which continues today to give humanitarian help to those in need 1 2 The Americanization process of Puerto Rico by the invaders included the establishment of English to be used in the local schools and the government As such it was required that books written in English be used Fernandez Juncos believed that it would not be beneficial to the common person in Puerto Rico who spoke only Spanish He thereby took upon himself the task of adopting translating and writing the books to be used in the schools 3 Fernandez Juncos later founded the Casa Manuel Fernandez Juncos for orphaned children in San Juan 3 La Borinquena EditFernandez Juncos wrote the current lyrics to La Borinquena which originally was a danza written by Francisco Ramirez in 1860 sometimes credited to Felix Astol Artes in 1867 The original lyrics to the anthem written by Lola Rodriguez de Tio in 1868 were deemed by the public as too subversive for public use A public contest to provide new lyrics to the tune was held in 1903 with Fernandez Juncos as its winner this explains why the Asturias native is credited for writing the lines The land of Borinquen where I was born La Borinquena became the official anthem of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico in 1952 1 2 Official Anthem of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico La Boriquena External audio You may listen to Graciela Rivera s interpretation of Fernandez Juncos version of the La Borinquena here on YouTube La tierra de Borinquen donde he nacido yo es un jardin florido de magico primor Un cielo siempre nitido le sirve de dosel y dan arrullos placidos las olas a sus pies Cuando a sus playas llego Colon Exclamo lleno de admiracion Oh oh oh esta es la linda tierra que busco yo Es Borinquen la hija la hija del mar y el sol del mar y el sol del mar y el sol del mar y el sol del mar y el sol The land of Borinquen where I have been born is a flowery garden of magical beauty A constantly clear sky serves as its canopy and placid lullabies are sung by the waves at its Borinquen s feet When at her beaches Columbus arrived full of awe he exclaimed Oh oh oh this is the lovely land that I seek Borinquen is the daughter the daughter of the sea and the sun Of the sea and the sun of the sea and the sun of the sea and the sun of the sea and the sun Legacy EditManuel Fernandez Juncos died on August 18 1928 in San Juan Puerto Rico Was buried at the Santa Maria Magdalena de Pazzis Cemetery In San Juan Puerto Rico The government of Puerto Rico has honored his memory by naming three schools in the cities of Mayaguez 4 Juana Diaz 5 and Cabo Rojo 6 and a commercial avenue in San Juan after him 3 A United States Postal Service Post Office in Santurce Puerto Rico was named the Fernandez Juncos Post Office See also Edit Puerto Rico portal Biography portalList of Puerto RicansReferences Edit a b c d e El Nuevo Dia Archived September 27 2011 at the Wayback Machine a b c d e Manuel Fernandez Juncos School Archived October 25 2007 at the Wayback Machine a b c d e f g Manuel Fernandez Juncos Masonic Hero of Puerto Rico by Eduardo Camareno Jr 32 Informacion Escuela Manuel Fernandez Juncos Directorio de Escuelas Publicas de Puerto Rico 2009 Informacion Escuela Manuel Fernandez Juncos Directorio de Escuelas Publicas de Puerto Rico 2009 Informacion Escuela Manuel Fernandez Juncos Directorio de Escuelas Publicas de Puerto Rico 2009 External links EditWorks by Manuel Fernandez Juncos at LibriVox public domain audiobooks Wikimedia Commons has media related to Manuel Fernandez Juncos Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Manuel Fernandez Juncos amp oldid 1080533684, wikipedia, wiki, book, books, library,

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